Busk in a lifetime of clear skin – part 2

Last time we discussed habitual skin care factors in a vague and precise manner. However, today I would like to deepen our discussion on one of the habits which we discussed last week which is knowing your skin. 

In a world where skin care and treatment has become a value and part of a popular culture with increased research on skin care and treatment remedies ranging from antioxidants, anti-irritants, sun protection and so on in  cosmetic dermatology, knowing your skin is a very important step to living a life of clear skin. It is vital for a every human being, male or female to find out what skin care or treatment can work for you and your skin. 

Taking ownership of your skin in view of controlling it by understanding what exactly it needs is the way to go because I can only advice you on what to use and how to use it based on my knowledge but, I cannot determine if the care or treatment will do wonders for your skin. That is your role to play and how do you do that? Task yourself today and find out the type of skin that you have. 

There are basically five types of skins for human beings.

The normal skin

This type of skin is neither oily nor dry. It has an equllibrium production of sebum and a good circulation of blood.

Oily skin

Oily skin is characterised by greasy appearances and is usually prone to acne breakouts due to excess production of sebum.

Dry skin

Dry skin is flaky and rough in texture. It feels right and irritable sometimes.

Combined skin

This type of skin is a combination of oily and dry skin whereas the T- zone is usually in oily while the cheeks are dry.

Sensitive skin

This type of skin can be either four of the above skin types with extreme sensitivity. This is usually proved through mild or severe reaction to new skin products.

The world today is full of skin care and treatment products so much that it is hard to make a choice on which one to use but, the one that works for you is actually the best because every skin type reacts differently to a product or treatment in that a product made for an entire nation or world cannot simply work for one or two people in that populace. For example, I had to try out so many products without improvement until I arrived at one which has helped me greatly. 

After knowing your skin type, it is time to find out which products work for you. Today we are focusing on comestic dermatology but,  I won’t mention actual products that I think work for acne treatment because skins are unique and different and  I may end up mentioning products that will not work for your skin hence, the need for each one of you to try out one or two products before arriving at the perfect one. 

However, I will be taking you through skin treatment medical ingredients that you should look out for in the skin care and treatment products you choose for your skins.

  1. Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl Peroxide (BzO)2 also known as Benzoperoxide and Dibenzoperoxide is an oxidizer used for various reasons including treatment of acne either alone or as an ingredient of other skin treatment remedies and is effective in treating acne lesions by applying on affected areas through gels, creams or liquid products. It is best to looks for pharmaceutical or dermatological products with benzoyl Peroxide because it is sebostatic, comedolytic and inhibits growth of the main bacteria associated to acne, Cutibacteria acnes. 

Meanwhile, a combination of benzoyl Peroxide with other skin care chemical like Salicylic Acid and Clindamycin has proved to be slightly effective for acne treatment. However, Benzoyl Peroxide has side effects which should be looked out for especially for people with sensitive skins.

Application of this oxidizer in an amount higher than 2.5 to 10 percent concentration in a skin product can result in redness, burning and irritation of the skin. Therefore, it is recommended that one starts applying low concentration of the product as the skin gradually grows tolerant to the medication.

  1. Salicylic Acid

The name Salicylic Acid is of Latin origin, from the word salix meaning williow tree. It is a colorless crystalline organic acid, usually a key ingredient in topical anti-acne products. It helps in getting rid of the outer layer of the skin by causing the cells of the epidemis to peel off faster which in turn prevent clogging of the pores to allow room for new cell growth. However, application of high concentration of Salicylic acid through skin products can result in high levels of the acid penetrating into the blood and can cause complication of not corrected through Hemodialysis.

  1. Azelaic Acid

This is an organic compound which exists as a white powder. It is also found in wheat, rye and barley. Azelaic Acid is used to treat mild and severe acne by killing acne bacteria that infect the skin pores and  also retards the production of keratin, a natural substance that boosts the growth of acne bacteria.

  1.  Retinoids

Retinoids are a class of chemical compounds that are chemically related to Vitamin A and have the ability to treat skin Cancers. However, prolonged intake in high levels can lead to tender swelling on the long bones, skin lesions, bleeding, hair loss, death and other complications.

  1. Sulfacetamide

This is a sulfonamide antibiotic of which 10 percent of its amount is used in foams, shampoos, lotions, creams and washes to treat acne. It has side effects which include irritation, burning of the skin, nausea, headache and more.

  1. Zinc Pyrithione

This is a coordination complex of Zinc. It’s fungistatic and bacteriostatic properties help to inhibit both division of fungal and bacterial cells. It is used to treat skin problems including dry skin problems. However, it can have an effect on the DNA in the skin cells.

There are so many acne treatment  effective chemicals but, I will leave some of them for your research so that you can refer to them when you go into a chemist to buy products for your skin. 

The ingredients mentioned above are found in most skin care comsetics around the world and are effective in acne treatment however,  they have side effects which should be looked out for because the product creators, shop and chemist owner will not mention this fact to you and If you are up to using comsetics to clears your skin, it’s okay! There are also natural skin care products that you can use to treat your skin as long as they are availed to you and this will be the topic for the next part of this article. 

 Until the next segment of this discussion, we can familiarize ourselves with one more habit which is reading about the chemicals that we use on our faces so we can find if they are good for us or not. Reading books about skin care is also a good way to find alternative skin care and treatment methods apart form usage of comestics. 

Watch the space because I will be sharing books to read on this respective topic at the end of this weekly feature of skin care articles.


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